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Title

Hiswelókë's Sindarin dictionary

Compiled, edited and annotated by Didier Willis

Edition

Edition 1.9.1

Lexicon 0.9952

387 entries.

597 word forms (17 deduced, 33 normalized, 0 coined) in unique entries.

Publication

1999-2008, Didier Willis and The Sindarin Dictionary Project

Availability

Status: free.

License: This material may be distributed only subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial, Share-Alike License, version 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/).

Additional limitation of scope: Sindarin, as one of the languages invented by J.R.R. Tolkien, is his artistic and intellectual property. The editor does not claim any intellectual property on the Sindarin language itself and, as a whole, on this dictionary, beyond the editorial annotations, the arrangement of entries and the encyclopaedic discussions or interpretations appended to these entries. The above-mentioned license applies to such elements only.

J.R.R. Tolkien's texts and books are copyrighted by the Tolkien Estate and/or Tolkien's publishers. As of yet, this material is not approved by the Tolkien Estate or Tolkien's publishers, and is henceforth an unauthorized Sindarin dictionary. This material is however provided under the editor's assumption that compiling, arranging, analyzing, normalizing and annotating entries in order to produce a dictionary for a language, even if it is an invented one, does not violate the copyright of the inventor.

Shall any third party include this material in a derived work, under the above-mentioned license or under any other applicable license, the editor will not be liable for possible infringement of copyright on the derived work. Every derived use of this material is left under the sole responsability of the third party.

Notwithstanding, this material is neither a verbatim reproduction of information from Tolkien's published works, nor a simple rearrangement of such information in a different order. Many entries are deduced from indirect evidences (such as compounds, inflected forms, etc.) or are normalized according to our current knowledge of the Sindarin phonology and morphology. As a consequence, some deductions, as presented by the editor or by other contributors to the dictionary, might actually prove incorrect or inaccurate when new information is published.

Any violation of copyright regarding yet unpublished texts by J.R.R. Tolkien is unintended. The compiler does not have any access to hitherto unpublished texts. Would it be the case, such texts would not be used in the dictionary. Therefore, this dictionary only contains entries based on published texts, either from direct attestations or based on deductions and conclusions drawn from these texts by careful comparisons.

Notes

The editor would like to thank all the persons who made this work possible. This dictionary would not have existed without the efforts of many other peoples. Lisa Star (editor of Tyalië Tyelelliéva) and Helge Kåre Fauskanger (webmaster of Ardalambion) gave me precious advices and encouragements at the very beginning of the project. David Salo sent me his own lexicons and kindly answered some of my questions about them. Cédric Fockeu (webmaster of J.R.R. Tolkien en Version Française) offered his technical skill in scripting languages, as well as disk space to host the original on-line search engine. My thanks are also addressed to Ryszard Derdzinski, Dorothea Salo, B. Philip Jonsson, Sébastien Mallet and the members of the ELFLING mailing-list, for their support during the early phases of this long project; and later to Jim Allan (editor and co-author of An Introduction to Elvish), Bertrand Bellet, Carl Hostetter (editor of Vinyar Tengwar), Per Lindberg (from Mellonath Daeron), Elena Liria, Emanuele Vicentini, Patrick Wynne and all the other members of the Sindarin dictionary discussion group for their contributions and continual feedback, with a special mention for Javier Lorenzo for all the corrections he sent to the mailing-list.

The Dragon Flame application would not have existed without Benjamin Babut. Likewise, this revised edition of the dictionary would not have seen the light without Benjamin's work and enthousiasm for Dragon Flame and its set of related tools. I am also indebt to Sylvain Veyrié and Thomas Deniau for having ported Dragon Flame to other operating systems.

The German translation of this dictionary is based on the initial work of Christian Buzek, with further help and lots of improvements by Florian Dombach (Das Sindarin Lexikon) and other readers. Benjamin Babut and David Giraudeau contributed to the French translation. We also thank Stéphane Landais for all his corrections.

Last but not least, this work is dedicated to Christopher Tolkien and to the Vinyar Tengwar & Parma Eldalamberon editorial staffs, whose efforts to publish J.R.R. Tolkien's linguistic papers have made such a dictionary possible.

Source

This dictionary is based on J.R.R. Tolkien's works, extended with etymological notes, phonetics and other information.

Sindarin is the language of the Grey Elves, invented by J.R.R. Tolkien and exemplified in his masterful epic story The Lord of the Rings.

This work aims at being a complete Sindarin and Noldorin dictionary, addressing not only Tolkien's fans wishing to understand the elvish sentences from The Lord of the Rings or to build simple sentences in Sindarin, but also scholars wanting to study Sindarin for what it is: the complex linguistic invention of a philology professor, and also a beautiful piece of art.

The Sindarin dictionary project began on October 23, 1999, and is still under development. By no mean shall this version be regarded as definitive. The editor is all too well aware that the dictionary is not as perfect or complete as it might be. Nevertheless, it seems better to encourage the study of Sindarin by the provision of a working dictionary rather than delay the publication perhaps for years, until the editor's ideals are satisfied — a condition which might never be attained.

Encoding
Project declaration

Dictionary compiled and adapted from various sources.

Core file encoded manually in XML (TEI P4).

XHTML version automatically generated from the XML (TEI) source using XSLT.

XSL-FO version automatically generated from the XHTML version using XSLT.

PDF version automatically generated from the XSL-FO version using PassiveTeX.

Sampling

Phonetics are transcribed using the X-SAMPA scheme for representing the IPA in 7-bit ASCII encoding.

Hypothetical words, either interpreted, reconstructed or deduced from mutated forms, are all marked as deduced.

Phonetics and special delimiters are rendered in Unicode (UTF-8) in the XHTML version. The Lucida Sans Unicode font is assumed, for the document to display correctly, as well a browser supporting Unicode.

Phonetics are rendered in IPA in the PDF version. Some symbols used as delimiters are rendered with glyphs available to the typesetter, and might differ from the XHTML version.

Correction

Status: high.

This document has been extensively checked, although a few casual errors or typos may still remain.

XML file validated with Richard Tobin's RXP software, for conformance to a subset of the TEI P4 DTD.

XHTML version validated with Richard Tobin's RXP software, for compliance with XHTML 1.0 Transitional.

The XSL-FO version is not validated.

Interpretation

Probable errors in the sources have been corrected and marked with the <corr> tag.

In the XHTML version, corrections are rendered using a specific markup (misreadings, etc.).


Astronomy

Anor S., N. [ˈɑnɔr] n. Astron. sun ◇ Ety/348, RC/232

cúron *S. [kˈuːrɑn] (cúran N.) n. Astron. the crescent Moon ◇ Ety/365, X/Z

cýron S. [kˈiːrɔn] (cýrawn S.) n. Astron. new moon ◇ VT/48:7

êl S. [ˈɛːl] pl. elin S. [ˈɛlin] n. Arch., Poet. Astron. star (little used except in verses) ◇ WJ/363, MR/373, RGEO/73, Letters/281

geil N. [gˈɛjl] pl. gîl N. n. Astron. star, bright spark ◇ Ety/358, VT/45:15Cf. gil

gil S. [gˈil] Astron. star, bright spark ◇ LotR/E, S/431, RGEO/73In The Etymologies (Ety/358, corrected by VT/45:15), this word was given as geil, plural gîl. However, later in LotR/E and RGEO/73, Tolkien seems to consider gil as a singular (with no hints in the sources of what the plural would be, besides the collective plural giliath)

ithil S., N. [ˈiθil̡] n. Astron. the (full) Moon, lit. 'The Sheen' ◇ Ety/361, Ety/385, Ety/392, LotR/E, LB/354, RC/232

tinu *S. [tˈinu] (tinw N.) n. Astron. spark, small star ◇ Ety/393, X/W

Biology

achad S. [ˈɑxɑd] n. Biol. neck (properly referring only to the bony vertebral part not including the throat) ◇ RC/537

anc N. [ˈɑŋk] n. Biol. jaw, row of teeth ◇ Ety/348, Ety/374

atheg S. [ˈɑθɛg] n. m. dim. of adar, 1. "litte father" ○ 2. Biol. thumb (Elvish play-name used by and taught to children) ◇ VT/48:6,17

bund N. [bˈund] (bunn N.) n. 1. Biol. snout, nose ○ 2. Geog. by ext., cape (of land) ◇ Ety/372, X/ND2

cam S., N. [kˈɑm] (camb N., camm N.) n. Biol. hand ◇ Ety/361, Ety/371, S/429

camlann *S. [kˈɑmlɑnn] (camland N.) n. Biol. palm of hand ◇ Ety/367, X/ND4

carach S. [kˈɑrɑx] n. Biol. jaw, row of teeth ◇ S/429, RC/607

carch S., N. [kˈɑrx] n. Biol. tooth, fang ◇ Ety/362, S/429

dond S. [dˈɔnd] (donn S.) n. Biol. fist, hand (especially in punching) ◇ VT/47:23

emig S. [ˈɛmig] n. f. dim. of emel, 1. "litte mother" ○ 2. Biol. index finger (Elvish play-name used by and taught to children) ◇ VT/48:6,17

*flâd S. [flˈɑːd] n. Biol. skin ← Fladrif LotR/E, TC/169, TC/173

gwinig S. [gwˈinig] n. dim. 1. "litte baby" ○ 2. Biol. little finger (Elvish play-name used by and taught to children) ◇ VT/48:6,16-17

hen II S. [hˈɛn] (hend *S., henn S., hên N.) pl. hin *S. [hˈin] (hîn N.) n. Biol. eye ◇ Ety/364, LotR/II:IX, WR/128, X/ND1

hent N. [hˈɛnt] n. dual pl. of hen II, Biol. the two eyes (referring to one person's eyes) ◇ VT/45:22

honeg S. [hˈɔnɛg] n. m. dim. of hawn, 1. "litte brother" ○ 2. Biol. middle finger (Elvish play-name used by and taught to children) ◇ VT/48:6,16-17Given as honig in VT/47:14, but see VT/48:17 n. 13 for discussionCf. toleg

hûn N. [hˈuːn] n. Biol. heart (physical) ◇ Ety/364

lam I S. [lˈɑm] (lhamb N., lham N.) n. Biol. physical tongue ◇ Ety/367, WJ/394, X/LH

lanc II *S. [lˈɑŋk] (lhanc N.) n. Biol. throat ◇ Ety/367, X/LH

lebdas S. [lˈɛbdɑs] (tas S.) n. Biol. index finger ◇ VT/48:5Cf. nobad

lebed S. [lˈɛbɛd] (lhebed N.) pl. lebid S. [lˈɛbid] n. Biol. finger ◇ Ety/368, X/LH, VT/47:23-24,27Tolkien later seems to have replaced this form by leber

lebenedh S. [lˈɛbɛnɛð] n. Biol. middle finger ◇ VT/48:5

lebent S. [lˈɛbɛnt] n. Biol. ring finger ◇ VT/48:5

leber S. [lˈɛbɛr] pl. lebir S. [lˈɛbir] n. Biol. finger ◇ VT/47:10,23-24, VT/48:5

lebig S. [lˈɛbig] n. dim. Biol. little finger ◇ VT/48:5,15Cf. niged

lhaw S., N. [ɬˈɑw] n. pl. Biol. ears (referring to one person's pair of ears only) ◇ Ety/368, LotR/II:IX

lhewig N. [ɬˈɛwig] n. sing. of lhaw, Biol. ear ◇ Ety/368, LotR/II:IX

mâb S. [mˈɑːb] (mab- S.) n. Biol. a hand-full, complete hand (with all five fingers) ◇ Ety/371, VT/45:32, VT/47:6-7

maw I S. [mˈɑw] n. Biol. Arch. hand ◇ VT/47:6

molif S. [mˈɔliv] n. Biol. wrist ◇ VT/47:6

naew N. [nˈɑɛw] n. Biol. jaw ◇ Ety/374

naglath N. [nˈɑglɑθ] n. coll. of nagol, Biol. the teeth ◇ WR/122

*nagol N. [nˈɑgl̩] n. Biol. tooth ← naglath WR/122

nawb S. [nˈɑwb] n. Biol. thumb ◇ VT/48:5

nêl I N. [nˈɛːl] (neleg N.) pl. nelig S. [nˈɛlig] n. Biol. tooth ◇ Ety/376, WR/113, VT/46:3

nem N. [nˈɛm] (nemb N.) n. Biol. nose ◇ Ety/376

nethig S. [nˈɛθig] n. f. dim. of neth II, 1. "litte sister" ○ 2. Biol. ring finger (Elvish play-name used by and taught to children) ◇ VT/47:14, VT/47:38-39, VT/48:6,17First given in the manuscript as netheg in VT/47:14-15, but see especially VT/48:17 n. 13 for discussion

niben S. [nˈibɛn] pl. nibin S. [nˈibin] adj. 1. small, petty ○ 2. Biol. as a noun, little finger (Elvish play-name used by and taught to children) ◇ S/435, WJ/388, WJ/408, VT/48:6

niged S. [nˈigɛd] n. Biol. little finger ◇ VT/48:5Cf. lebig

nobad S. [nˈɔbɑd] n. dual pl. of nawb, Biol. the pair of fingers composed of the thumb and the index (grouped together as in the act of picking something) ◇ VT/48:5,16Cf. nawb, lebdas

paur S., N. [pˈɑur] n. Biol. fist (often used to mean "hand", its chief use was in reference of the tighly closed hand, as in using an implement or a craft-tool, rather than to the fist used in punching) ◇ Ety/366, S/429, PM/179, PM/318, VT/47:8

plad S. [plˈɑd] n. Biol. palm, flat of the hand, hand held upwards or forwards, flat and tensed (with fingers and thumb closed or spread) ◇ VT/47:9

pôd N. [pˈɔːd] pl. pŷd N. [pˈyːd] n. Biol. animal's foot ◇ Ety/382

*roval S. [rˈɔvɑl] (rhofal N.) pl. rovail *S. [rˈɔvɑjl] (rhofel N.) n. Biol. pinion, great wing (of eagle) ← Landroval LotR/VI:IV, Ety/382, X/RH

tâl N. [tˈɑːl] pl. tail S. [tˈɑjl] (teil N.) n. Biol. foot ← tad-dail WJ/388, Ety/390, S/429, S/437, X/EI

talf I *S. [tˈɑlv] (dalf N.) n. Biol. palm of hand ◇ Ety/353

tellen N. [tˈɛl̡lɛn] (tellein N., tellœin N.) n. Biol. sole of foot ◇ Ety/384, Ety/390, VT/46:12

toleg S. [tˈɔlɛg] (tolch S.) n. dim. 1. (?) "litte prominent one" ○ 2. Biol. middle finger (Elvish play-name used by and taught to children) ◇ VT/48:6,16-17Cf. honeg

Botany

aeglos S. [ˈɑɛglɔs] n. 1. Bot. snowthorn, a plant like furze (gorse), but larger and with white flowers ○ 2. Geol. icicle (a pendent spear of ice formed by the freezing of dripping water) ◇ UT/417, LotR/Index

alfirin S. [ˈɑlfirin] n. and adj. 1. immortal ○ 2. Bot. as a noun, name of a flower, bell-like and running through many soft and gentle colours ○ 3. Bot. as a noun, also used for another small white flower ◇ LotR/V:IX, Letters/402, UT/55, UT/303, UT/316, UT/417

athelas S. [ˈɑθɛlɑs] n. Bot. "kingsfoil", a healing herb brought to Middle-earth by the Númenóreans ◇ LotR/V:VIII

brethil II S. [brˈɛθil̡] (brethel N.) pl. brethil S., N. n. Bot. beech, beech-tree, silver birch ◇ Ety/352, Ety/376, S/429

cordof S. [kˈɔrdɔv] n. Bot. pippin (seed of certain fruits, or more probably small red apple) ◇ SD/129-31

doron N. [dˈɔrɔn] pl. deren N. (dœrœn N.) n. Bot. oak ◇ Ety/355, VT/45:11

eirien S. [ˈɛjri.ɛn] n. Bot. daisy (flower) ◇ SD/129-31

elanor S. [ˈɛlɑnɔr] n. Bot. a flower, a kind of enlarged pimpernel bearing golden and silver flowers ◇ LotR/VI:IX, UT/432, Letters/402

elloth S. [ˈɛl̡lɔθ] n. sing. of loth, Bot. (single) flower ◇ VT/42:18

eredh N. [ˈɛrɛð] n. Bot. seed, germ ◇ Ety/356

ereg S., N. [ˈɛrɛg] pl. erig N. [ˈɛrig] n. Bot. holly-tree, thorn ◇ Ety/356, S/431

eregdos N. [ɛrˈɛgdɔs] n. Bot. holly, holly-tree ◇ Ety/356, Ety/379, Ety/395

fêr N. [fˈɛːr] pl. ferin N. [fˈɛrin] n. Bot. beech-tree ◇ Ety/352, Ety/381

gaeruil *S. [gˈɑɛrujl] (oeruil N.) n. Bot. seaweed ← gaer PM/363, Ety/396

galadh S., N. [gˈɑlɑð] n. Bot. tree ◇ Ety/357, S/427, LotR/E, LB/354, RGEO/73, Letters/426

galas N. [gˈɑlɑs] n. abst. of gala-, Bot. growth, plant ◇ Ety/357

galenas S. [gˈɑlɛnɑs] n. Bot. pipe-weed (leaf) or "westmansweed", a variety of Nicotiana ◇ LotR/V:VIII

golf N. [gˈɔlv] n. Bot. branch ◇ Ety/359

goloth S. [gˈɔlɔθ] n. Bot. inflorescence, a head of small flowers ◇ VT/42:18Cf. gwaloth

gwaloth N. [gwˈɑlɔθ] n. Bot. blossom, collection of flowers ◇ Ety/370, VT/45:29This form replaced deleted goloth in the manuscript of The Etymologies, see VT/45:29. The deleted form is however also later attested in VT/42:18Cf. goloth

hwand N. [ʍˈɑnd] (chwand N., chwann N.) n. Bot. sponge, fungus ◇ Ety/388, X/ND1, X/HW

iau I N. [jˈɑu] pl. iui N. [jˈuj] n. Bot. corn ◇ Ety/399

lalf N. [lˈɑlv] pl. lelf N. [lˈɛl̡v] n. Bot. elm-tree ◇ Ety/348

lalorn *S. [lˈɑlɔrn] (lhalorn N.) n. Bot. elm-tree ◇ Ety/367, X/LH

lalven N. [lˈɑlvɛn] pl. lelvin N. [lˈɛl̡vin] n. Bot. elm-tree ◇ Ety/348

lalwen *S. [lˈɑlwɛn] (lhalwen N.) pl. lelwin N. [lˈɛl̡win] n. Bot. elm-tree ◇ Ety/367, X/LH

lass S. [lˈɑss] (lhass N.) n. Bot. leaf ◇ Ety/367, Letters/282, TC/169, X/LH

lebethron S. [lɛbˈɛθrɔn] n. Bot. a tree - its black wood was used by the woodwrights of Gondor ◇ LotR/IV:VII, LotR/VI:V, WR/176In the original manuscript, one of the earlier (rejected) form of this name was lebendron. Didier Willis proposed the etymology lebed+doron "finger-oak", actually a real tree name (Finger Oak or Quercus digitata)

loth S. [lˈɔθ] (lhoth N.) n. Bot. flower, inflorescence, a head of small flowers ◇ Ety/370, LB/354, VT/42:18, X/LHThe noun is collective, a single flower being lotheg

lotheg S. [lˈɔθɛg] n. sing. of loth, Bot. (single) flower ◇ VT/42:18

lothod N. [lˈɔθɔd] (lhothod N.) n. sing. of loth, Bot. (single) flower ◇ VT/45:29, X/LHCf. lotheg

mallorn S. [mˈɑɬɔrn] (Arch. malhorn S., Arch. malthorn S.) pl. mellyrn S. [mˈɛl̡lyrn] n. Bot. golden tree of Lothlórien ◇ S/435, LotR/II:IV, VT/42:27, Tengwestie/20031207

mallos S. [mˈɑllɔs] n. Bot. a golden flower ◇ UT/451, Letters/248

meril S. [mˈɛril̡] n. Bot. rose (flower) ◇ SD/129-31

ninglor S. [nˈiŋglɔr] n. Bot. golden water-flower, gladden ◇ UT/280-81, UT/450

nínim N. [nˈiːnim] n. Bot. snowdrop (flower) ◇ Ety/367

niphredil S. [nˈifrɛdil̡] (nifredil N.) n. Bot. a pale winter flower, snowdrop ◇ Ety/376, Ety/378, LotR/II:VI, Letters/402, X/PH

orn S., N. [ˈɔrn] pl. yrn N. [ˈyrn] n. Bot. (any large) tree ◇ Ety/379, S/435, Letters/426

sâdh S. [sˈɑːð] n. Bot. sward, turf ◇ VT/42:20

salab N. [sˈɑlɑb] pl. selaib *S. [sˈɛlɑjb] (seleb N.) n. Bot. herb ◇ Ety/385, X/EI

seregon S. [sˈɛrɛgɔn] n. Bot. "Blood of Stone", a plant of the kind called in English "stonecrop", with deep red flowers, that grew on Amon Rûdh ◇ S/437

solch N. [sˈɔlx] n. Bot. root (especially as edible) ◇ Ety/388

tathar S. [tˈɑθr̩] (tathor N.) n. Bot. willow-tree ◇ Ety/391, S/438

thâr N. [θˈɑːr] n. Bot. stiff grass ◇ Ety/388

thôn S. [θˈɔːn] (thaun N.) n. Bot. pine-tree ◇ Ety/392, S/438, RC/384

thond S. [θˈɔnd] n. Bot. root ◇ LotR/E, Letters/178

toss N. [tˈɔss] n. Bot. bush, low-growing tree (as maple, hawthorn, blackthorn, holly, etc.) ◇ Ety/379, Ety/395

tuiw N. [tˈujw] (tui N.) n. Bot. a sprout, bud ◇ Ety/395

tulus N. [tˈulus] pl. tylys N. [ˈtylys] n. Bot. poplar-tree ◇ Ety/395

uil N. [ˈujl] n. Bot. seaweed ◇ Ety/396Cf. gaeruil

uilos S. [ˈujlɔs] n. and adj. 1. always white, ever white as snow ○ 2. Bot. as a noun, a small white everlasting flower also called simbelmynë or "evermind" ◇ RGEO/74, Letters/278, UT/55Cf. alfirin

Calendars

cerveth S. [kˈɛrvɛθ] n. Cal. july (month) ◇ LotR/D

echuir S. [ˈɛxujr] n. Cal. a season, the beginning of spring ◇ LotR/D, SD/129-31

edinor *S. [ˈɛdinɑr] (edinar N.) n. Cal. anniversary day ◇ Ety/400, X/Z

ennin II N. [ˈɛnnin] n. Cal. Valian year ◇ Ety/400

ethuil S. [ˈɛθujl] n. Cal. season of spring ◇ LotR/D, SD/129-31

firith S. [fˈiriθ] n. Cal. season of fading ◇ LotR/D

girithron S. [girˈiθrɔn] n. Cal. december (month) ◇ LotR/D

gwaeron S. [gwˈɑɛrɔn] n. Cal. march (month) ◇ LotR/D

gwirith S. [gwˈiriθ] n. Cal. april (month) ◇ LotR/D, SD/129-31

hithui S. [hˈiθuj] n. and adj. 1. foggy, misty ○ 2. Cal. as a noun, the month of november ◇ LotR/D

iavas S. [jˈɑvɑs] n. abst. of iau I, Cal. season of autumn ◇ LotR/D

idhrinn *S. [ˈiðrinn] (idhrind N., idhrin N.) n. Cal. year ◇ Ety/383, Ety/400, X/ND4

în II N. [ˈiːn] n. Cal. year ◇ Ety/400

ivanneth S. [ivˈɑnnɛθ] n. Cal. september (month) ◇ LotR/D

laer I S. [lˈɑɛr] n. Cal. season of summer ◇ LotR/D

lasbelin *S. [lˈɑsbɛlin] (lhasbelin N.) n. Cal. season of autumn ◇ Ety/366-367, X/LH

lefnar *S. [lˈɛvnɑr] (lhevnar N.) n. Cal. week (of five days) ◇ VT/45:27, X/LH, X/Z

lothron S. [lˈɔθrɔn] n. Cal. the month of May ◇ LotR/D

narbeleth S. [nˈɑrbɛlɛθ] n. Cal. october (month) ◇ LotR/D

narwain S. [nˈɑrwɑjn] n. Cal. the month of January ◇ LotR/D

nínui S. [nˈiːnuj] n. and adj. 1. watery ○ 2. Cal. as a noun, the month of february ◇ LotR/D

nórui S. [nˈɔːruj] n. and adj. 1. sunny, fiery ○ 2. Cal. as a noun, the month of june ◇ LotR/D

oraearon S. [ɔrˈɑɛ.ɑrɔn] n. Cal. seventh day of the Númenórean week, Sea-day ◇ LotR/D

oranor S. [ˈɔrɑnɔr] n. Cal. second day of the week, day of the Sun ◇ LotR/D

orbelain S. [ˈɔrbɛlɑjn] n. Cal. sixth day of the week, day of the Powers or Valar ◇ LotR/D

orgaladh S. [ˈɔrgɑlɑð] n. Cal. fourth day of the Númenórean week, day of the White Tree ◇ LotR/DThis day was formerly called orgaladhad in the Elvish calendar

orgaladhad S. [ɔrgˈɑlɑðɑd] n. Cal. fourth day of the Elvish week, day of the Two Trees ◇ LotR/DThis day was renamed orgaladh in the Númenórean calendar

orgilion S. [ɔrgˈili.ɔn] n. Cal. first day of the week, day of the Stars ◇ LotR/D

orithil S. [ˈɔriθil̡] n. Cal. third day of the week, day of the Moon ◇ LotR/D

ormenel S. [ˈɔrmɛnɛl̡] n. Cal. fifth day of the week, Heavens' day ◇ LotR/D

penninor *S. [pˈɛnninɔr] (penninar N.) n. Cal. last day of the year ◇ Ety/400, X/Z

rhîw S. [ɹ̥ˈiːw] n. Cal. winter season ◇ LotR/D

urui S. [ˈuruj] n. and adj. 1. hot ○ 2. Cal. as a noun, the month of august ◇ LotR/D

Geography

aear S. [ˈɑɛ.ɑr] n. Geog. sea ◈ Tolkien changed this word several times, see gaear

aearon S. [ˈɑɛ.ɑrɔn] n. augm. of aear, Geog. great sea, ocean ◈ Tolkien changed this word several times, see gaearon

aegas *S. [ˈɑɛgɑs] (oegas N.) pl. aegais *S. [ˈɑɛgɑjs] (oeges N.) n. abst. of aeg, Geog. mountain peak ◇ Ety/349, X/OE

aeglir S. [ˈɑɛglir] (oeglir N.) n. Geog. range of mountain peaks ← Hithaeglir LotR, Ety/349, X/OE

ael *S. [ˈɑɛl] (oel N.) pl. aelin S. [ˈɑɛlin] (oelin N.) n. Geog. lake, pool, mere ◇ Ety/349, S/427, X/OE

aer I S. [ˈɑɛr] n. Geog. sea ◈ Tolkien changed this word several times, see aear, gaear

amon S., N. [ˈɑmɔn] pl. emyn S., N. [ˈɛmyn] (emuin N.) n. Geog. hill, steep-sided mount ◇ Ety/348, LotR/E, RC/334

ardhon S. [ˈɑrðɔn] n. augm. of ardh, 1. Geog. great region, province ○ 2. by ext., world ← Calenardhon S/386, PM/348

bund N. [bˈund] (bunn N.) n. 1. Biol. snout, nose ○ 2. Geog. by ext., cape (of land) ◇ Ety/372, X/ND2

*cast S. [kˈɑst] n. Geog. cape, headland ← Angast VT/42:28

celon N. [kˈɛlɔn] n. Geog. river ← Celon (name) Ety/363

cîl I N. [kˈiːl] n. Geog. cleft, pass between hills, gorge ◇ Ety/365

côf S. [kˈɔːv] n. Geog. bay ◇ VT/42:15

coron S., N. [kˈɔrɔn] n. 1. globe, ball ○ 2. Geog. by ext., mound ◇ Ety/365, S/429

dôl N. [dˈɔːl] (dol S.) n. 1. head ○ 2. Geog. by ext., hill or mountain ◇ Ety/376, S/430, RC/268

dôr S. [dˈɔːr] (dor S., N.) n. Geog. land, dwelling-place, region where certain people live ◇ Ety/376, S/430, WJ/413, Letters/417, VT/45:38, RC/384The form dor in the Etymologies is a misreading, see VT/45. In composition and in toponyms, the word is nevertheless reduced to Dor

duin S. [dˈujn] n. Geog. (long and large) river (having strong current) ◇ S/430, LotR/F, TC/179, VT/48:24

duirro N. [dˈujrrɔ] n. Geog. river-bank ◇ VT/46:10

esgar N. [ˈɛsgɑr] n. Geog. shore ◇ VT/46:14

ethir I S., N. [ˈɛθir] n. Geog. mouth (of a river), estuary ◇ LotR/II:X, Ety/356, RC/350

falas S., N. [fˈɑlɑs] pl. felais *S. [fˈɛlɑjs] (feles N.) n. 1. Geog. beach, wave-beaten shore, line of surf ○ 2. Geog. as a proper noun, the western coast of Beleriand ◇ Ety/381, S/431, RC/18, X/EI

*falch S. [fˈɑlx] n. Geog. deep cleft, ravine ← Orfalch Echor UT/468

faur N. [fˈɑur] n. Geog. beach, shore ◇ VT/46:15

gaear S. [gˈɑɛ.ɑr] (oear N.) n. Geog. sea ◇ Ety/349, PM/363, RGEO/73

gaearon S. [gˈɑɛ.ɑrɔn] (gaeron S.) n. augm. of gaear, Geog. great sea, ocean ◇ PM/363, PM/348, RGEO/72-73

gaer III S. [gˈɑɛr] (oer N.) n. Geog. sea ◇ Ety/349, S/431, PM/363

gardh S. [gˈɑrð] n. 1. Geog. bounded or defined region ○ 2. by ext., world ◇ WJ/402

hûb N. [hˈuːb] n. Geog. haven, harbour, small land-locked bay ◇ Ety/364

iau II N. [jˈɑu] n. Geog. ravine, cleft, gulf ◇ Ety/400, VT/46:22

im II S., N. [ˈim] (imm N., imb N.) n. Arch. Geog. dell, deep vale ← imlad, imloth, imrath, imrad, VT/45:18, VT/47:14This word only survived in compounds (due to the clash with im I)

imlad S., N. [ˈimlɑd] n. Geog. deep valley, narrow valley with steep sides (but a flat habitable bottom) ◇ S/433, LotR/Index, VT/45:18, VT/47:14, RC/234,482

imloth S. [ˈimlɔθ] n. Geog. flower-valley, flowery vale ◇ LotR/V:VIII, VT/42:18, RC/582This word only occurs in the place name Imloth Melui, a vale where roses grew

imrad S. [ˈimrɑd] n. Geog. a path or pass (between mountains, hills or trackless forest) ◇ VT/47:14

imrath S. [ˈimrɑθ] n. Geog. long narrow valley with a road or watercourse running through it lengthwise ◇ UT/465, RC/558

*iôl S. [jˈɔːl] n. Geog. wash, flood-water ← Onodiôl RC/334, VT/48:33

lad S. [lˈɑd] n. Geog. plain, valley ◇ S/433

S. [lˈɔː] n. Geog. shallow lake, fenland ◇ UT/263, VT/42:8-10

*menniath N. [m'ɛnni.ɑθ] n. coll. of ment, 1. many points ○ 2. Geog. by ext., range of mountains ← Mornvenniath TI/124, Lambengolmor/799

mindon N. [mˈindɔn] n. 1. Geog. isolated hill, especially a hill with a watch tower ○ 2. by ext., tower ◇ Ety/373, Ety/395

nan S. [nˈɑn] (nand S., N., nann N.) n. 1. Geog. wide grassland, land at foot of hills with many streams ○ 2. by ext., valley ◇ Ety/374, S/435, Letters/308, VT/45:36, X/ND1

nen S., N. [nˈɛn] pl. nîn S., N. [nˈiːn] n. 1. water (used of a lake, pool or lesser river) ○ 2. Geog. by ext., waterland ◇ Ety/376, S/435, UT/457, RC/327-328

oll N. [ˈɔld] (old N.) n. Geog. torrent, mountain-stream ◇ Ety/396

orod S., N. [ˈɔrɔd] pl. ered S., N. [ˈɛrɛd] (eryd S., N., ereid N.) n. Geog. mountain ◇ Ety/379, S/435, Letters/263, TC/178, RC/621

orodrim N. [ɔrˈɔdrim] n. class pl. of orod, Geog. range of mountains ◇ Ety/379

parth S. [pˈɑrθ] n. Geog. field, enclosed grassland, sward ◇ UT/260, PM/330, RC/349

rant S., N. [rˈɑnt] n. 1. lode, vein ○ 2. Geog. course, riverbed ◇ Ety/383, S/436

raw I *S. [rˈɑw] (rhaw N.) n. Geog. bank (especially of a river) ◇ Ety/382, X/RH

rim II *S. [rˈim] (rhim N., rhimb N.) n. Geog. cold pool or lake (in mountains) ◇ Ety/384, X/RH

sîr S., N. [sˈiːr] n. Geog. river ◇ Ety/385, S/437, RC/384

sirion I N. [sˈiri.ɔn] n. augm. of sîr, Geog. great river ← Sirion Ety/385

talath S. [tˈɑlɑθ] (dalath N.) n. 1. flat surface, plane ○ 2. Geog. flat land, plain, (wide) valley ← Talath Dirnen UT/465, Ety/353, S/437

talf II S. [tˈɑlv] n. Geog. flat field, flat land ← Nindalf TC/195, LotR/Map

tol S. [tˈɔl] (toll N.) pl. tyll N. [tˈyll] n. Geog. island, (steep) isle rising with sheer sides from the sea or from a river ◇ Ety/394, S/438, VT/47:13, RC/333-334

tund N. [tˈund] (tunn N.) n. Geog. hill, mound ◇ Ety/395, X/ND1

tyrn S. [tˈyrn] n. pl. Geog. downs ◇ LotR/A(iii), PM/194Tyrn Gorthad "the Barrow-downs"

Geology

aeglos S. [ˈɑɛglɔs] n. 1. Bot. snowthorn, a plant like furze (gorse), but larger and with white flowers ○ 2. Geol. icicle (a pendent spear of ice formed by the freezing of dripping water) ◇ UT/417, LotR/Index

Linguistics

andaith S. [ˈɑndɑjθ] (andeith N.) n. Ling. long-mark, sign used in writing alphabetic tengwar over a vowel, to indicate that it is lengthened. ◇ LotR/E, Ety/391, X/EI

angerthas S. [ɑŋgˈɛrθɑs] n. Ling. runic alphabet, long rune-rows (extended version of the Certhas) ◇ S/427, LotR/E

annúnaid S. [ɑnnˈuːnɑjd] n. Ling. the "Westron" language (one of the names for Common Speech) ◇ PM/316Cf. falathren

certh S. [kˈɛrθ] pl. cirth S. [kˈirθ] n. Ling. rune ◇ WJ/396, LotR/E

certhas S. [kˈɛrθɑs] n. abst. of certh, Ling. runic alphabet, rune-rows ◇ LotR/E

falathren S., N. [fɑlˈɑθrɛn] n. and adj. 1. of the shore ○ 2. Ling. as a noun, Shore-language (one of the names for Common Speech) ◇ Ety/381, PM/32, PM/55Cf. annúnaid

gammas N. [gˈɑmmɑs] n. abst. of gamp, Ling. s-sign (special sign used to mark a final -s in Tengwar) ◇ VT/45:14

gasdil N. [gˈɑsdil̡] n. Ling. "stopgap", name of a diacritic sign used to indicate that g had been lenited to zero ◇ Ety/354, Ety/357

lam II S. [lˈɑm] n. Ling. language ◇ WJ/394

lammas S. [lˈɑmmɑs] (lhammas N.) n. abst. of lam II, Ling. account of tongues ◇ LR/167, WJ/206, WJ/393, X/LH

minlamad S. [minlˈɑmɑd] n. Ling. 'first voiced' or 'first-echoing', alliterative (?) verse mode (minlamad thent/estent) ◇ UT/146, WJ/311, WJ/315The word is not translated by Tolkien. For a discussion of its probable meaning, refer to Tolkien's Legendarium p. 121-122

prestannen N. [prɛstˈɑnnɛn] pp. of presta-, 1. affected ○ 2. Ling. mutated (of a mutated vowel) ◇ Ety/380

prestanneth N. [prɛstˈɑnnɛθ] n. Ling. affection of vowels, mutation ◇ Ety/380

têw S. [tˈɛːw] pl. tîw S., N. [tˈiːw] n. Ling. letter, written sign ◇ Ety/391, WJ/396, LotR/II:IV, LotR/E, Letters/427

thinnas N. [θˈinnɑs] n. abst. of thent, Ling. lit. "shortness" (name of a mark indicating short quality of vowel) ◇ Ety/388

tiwdi N. [tˈiwdi] n. Ling. alphabet ◇ VT/46:18

Military

amath N. [ˈɑmɑθ] (ambath N.) n. Mil. shield ◇ VT/45:33

amloth S. [ˈɑmlɔθ] n. Mil. flower or floreate device used as crest fixed to the point of a tall helmet ◇ WJ/318

crist N. [krˈist] n. Mil. cleaver, sword ◇ Ety/365

S., N. [kˈuː] n. 1. arch, crescent ○ 2. Mil. by ext., bow ◇ Ety/365, S/429

dírnaith S. [dˈiːrnɑjθ] n. Mil. a military wedge-formation launched over a short distance against an enemy massing but not yet arrayed, or against a defensive formation on open ground ◇ UT/282

grond N. [grˈɔnd] n. Mil. club ◇ Ety/384, X/ND1

hadlath N. [hˈɑdlɑθ] (haglath N.) n. Mil. sling ◇ Ety/363, Ety/368, X/TL

hador S., N. [hˈɑdr̩] n. Mil. thrower (of spears and darts) ◇ Ety/363, WJ/234

hadron N. [hˈɑdrɔn] n. m. Mil. thrower (of spears and darts) ◇ Ety/363

harn IV N. [hˈɑrn] n. Mil. helmet ◇ VT/45:21

hathol S. [hˈɑθl̩] (hathel N., *hathal N.) n. 1. Mil. broadsword-blade, axe-blade ○ 2. Mil. by ext., axe ◇ Ety/389, WJ/234, UT/444, LR/433See orchal for a discussion about syllabic consonants and their vocalization

herth N. [hˈɛrθ] n. Mil. household, troop under a "hîr" (master, lord) ◇ Ety/364

lang *S. [lˈɑŋ] (lhang N.) n. Mil. cutlass, sword ◇ Ety/367, X/LH

magol N. [mˈɑgl̩] (magl N.) n. Mil. sword ◇ Ety/371The word megil (q.v.), probably introduced by the Ñoldor, was also used

magor S. [mˈɑgr̩] n. Mil. swordsman ← Menelvagor LotR/E, WJ/234

megil S., N. [mˈɛgil̡] n. Mil. sword ◇ Ety/371The word was struck out in the Etymologies, but is well attested in late compounds such as Mormegil or Arvegil (with regular mutation). It is conceivably the Sindarinized form of Quenya makil, coexisting with magol (see tegil and tegol for a similar case)

peng N. [pˈɛŋ] n. Mil. bow (for shooting) ◇ Ety/366

sigil I N. [sˈigil̡] n. Mil. dagger, knife ◇ Ety/385

tang N. [tˈɑŋ] n. Mil. bowstring ◇ Ety/394

*thand I S. [θˈɑnd] n. Mil. shield ← thangail UT/281-282

thangail S. [θˈɑŋgɑjl] n. Mil. shield-fence, a battle formation of the Dúnedain ◇ UT/281-282

thôl S. [θˈɔːl] n. Mil. helm ◇ S/438

Ornithology

aew S., N. [ˈɑɛw] n. Orn. (small) bird ◇ Ety/348, S/434

alph S. [ˈɑlf] (alf N.) pl. eilph S. [ˈɛjlf] n. Orn. swan ◇ Ety/348, S/427, LotR/E, VT/42:6-7, X/PH

corch N. [kˈɔrx] n. Orn. crow ◇ Ety/362

*craban S. [krˈɑbɑn] pl. crebain S. [krˈɛbɑjn] n. Orn. kind of crow of large size, raven ◇ LotR/II:III

dúlinn N. [dˈuːlinn] (dúlind N., dúlin S., N.) n. Orn. nightingale ◇ Ety/354, Ety/369, S/430, X/ND4

emlin N. [ˈɛmlin] (emmelin N., emelin N.) n. Orn. yellow bird, "yellow hammer" ◇ Ety/386

fileg N. [fˈilɛg] pl. filig N. [fˈilig] n. Orn. small bird ◇ Ety/381

filigod N. [fˈiligɔd] n. sing. of fileg, Orn. small bird ◇ Ety/381

gwael S. [gwˈɑɛl] n. Orn. gull ◇ WJ/418

gwaun N. [gwˈɑun] pl. gwoen *S. [gwˈɔɛn] (guin N.) n. Orn. goose ◇ Ety/397, X/Z

heledir N. [hˈɛlɛdˌir] (heledirn N.) n. Orn. kingfisher (bird) ◇ Ety/363, Ety/386, Ety/394

maew N. [mˈɑɛw] n. Orn. gull ◇ Ety/373

merilin N. [mˈɛrilˌin] (mœrilind N.) n. Orn. nightingale ◇ Ety/394, X/ND4

mŷl S. [mˈyːl] n. Orn. gull ◇ WJ/379-380, WJ/418

tavor N. [tˈɑvr̩] (tavr N., tafr N.) n. Orn. woodpecker (bird) ◇ Ety/390

thôr I S., N. [θˈɔːr] n. Orn. eagle ← Belecthor S/322,365, LotR/A(ii), Ety/392

thoron S., N. [θˈɔrɔn] pl. theryn *S. [θˈɛryn] (therein N.) n. Orn. eagle ◇ Ety/392, S/438, X/Z

tuilinn N. [tˈujlinn] (tuilind N., tuilin N.) n. Orn. swallow (bird) ◇ Ety/395, X/ND4

Population

anfang N. [ˈɑnfɑŋ] pl. enfeng S., N. [ˈɛnfɛŋ] n. Pop. one of the Longbeards (a tribe of Dwarves) ◇ Ety/348, Ety/387, WJ/322

anfangrim S. [ɑnfˈɑŋgrim] n. class pl. of anfang, Pop. the Longbeards (a tribe of Dwarves) ◇ WJ/322

aphadon S. [ˈɑffɑdɔn] pl. ephedyn S. [ˈɛffɛdyn] n. 1. follower ○ 2. Pop. by ext., man (elvish name for men) ◇ WJ/387

aphadrim S. [ɑffˈɑdrim] n. class pl. of aphadon, Pop. followers, men (elvish name for men) ◇ WJ/387

avar S. [ˈɑvɑr] pl. evair S. [ˈɛvɑjr] n. 1. refuser ○ 2. Pop. esp. in the pl., the Avari, Elves who refused the invitation of the Valar ◇ WJ/380, VT/47:12This plural name was known to the loremasters, but went out of daily use at the time of the Exile

calben S. [kˈɑlbɛn] pl. celbin S. [kˈɛl̡bin] n. 1. Pop. Elf of the Great Journey (lit. "light person") ○ 2. Pop. by ext., all Elves but the Avari ◇ WJ/362, WJ/376-377, WJ/408-409

danwaith S. [dˈɑnwɑjθ] n. class pl. Pop. the Nandor (a tribe of Elves) ◇ WJ/385

denwaith S. [dˈɛnwɑjθ] n. class pl. Pop. the Nandor (a tribe of Elves), the people of Denwe ◇ WJ/385

dornhoth S. [dˈɔrn.hɔθ] n. class pl. of dorn, Pop. the Dwarves, lit. "the Thrawn Folk" ◇ WJ/388

drû S. [drˈuː] pl. drúin S. [drˈuː.in] n. Pop. wild man, Wose, Púkel-Man ◇ UT/385In PE/11:31, an older Gnomish word drû, drui meant "wood, forest", and in PE/13:142, the early Noldorin word drú was assigned the meaning "dark". Drû pl. Drúin later came to be used for the name of the Woses, with other derivatives (Drúadan, etc.). "Wose" is actually the modernization of an Anglo-Saxon word wasa only found in the compound wudu-wasa "wild man of the woods", cf. UT/385 sq. In the drafts of the "Ride of the Rohirrim" in WR/343-346, the Woses first appeared as "the dark men of Eilenach". Though internally said to derive from drughu in their own tongue, Tolkien's choice for the Sindarin name of the Woses was apparently influenced by earlier meanings assigned to this word

drúadan S. [drˈuːɑdɑn] pl. drúedain S. [drˈuːɛdɑjn] n. Pop. wild man, one of the Woses ◇ UT/385

drúath S. [drˈuːɑθ] n. coll. of drû, Pop. the people of the Drû, the Woses ◇ UT/385

dúnadan S. [dˈuːnɑdɑn] pl. dúnedain S. [dˈuːnɛdɑjn] n. Pop. Man of the west, Númenórean ◇ LotR/I:XII, WJ/378, S/390

*dúnedhel S. [dˈuːnɛðɛl̡] pl. dúnedhil S. [dˈunːɛðil̡] n. Pop. Elf of the West, Elf of Beleriand (including Noldor and Sindar) ◇ WJ/378

echil S. [ˈɛxil̡] n. 1. follower ○ 2. Pop. by ext., human being ◇ WJ/219

edhel S., N. [ˈɛðɛl̡] pl. edhil S., N. [ˈɛðil̡] n. Pop. Elf ◇ Ety/356, S/430, WJ/363-364

egladhrim S. [ɛglˈɑðrim] n. class pl. of eglan, Pop. "The Forsaken", Elves of the Falathrim ◇ WJ/189, WJ/365, WJ/379

eglan S. [ˈɛglɑn] pl. eglain S. [ˈɛglɑjn] n. and adj. 1. forsaken ○ 2. Pop. as a noun, an Elf of the Falathrim ◇ WJ/365, WJ/379-380

eglath S. [ˈɛglɑθ] n. coll. of egol, Pop. "The Forsaken", Elves of the Falathrim ◇ WJ/189, WJ/344Cf. egladhrim

*egol S. [ˈɛgl̩] n. Pop. someone forsaken, an Elf of the Falathrim ← Eglath WJ/189, WJ/344

forodrim N. [fɔrˈɔdrim] n. class pl. of forod, Pop. Northmen ◇ Ety/392

forodwaith N. [fɔrˈɔdwɑjθ] (forodweith N.) n. class pl. of forod, 1. Pop. Northmen ○ 2. by ext., the lands of the North ◇ Ety/382, Ety/398, X/EI

galadhrim S. [gɑlˈɑðrim] n. class pl. of galadh, Pop. Elves of Lothlórien ◇ LotR

glam S. [glˈɑm] (glamm S., N., glamb S., N.) n. 1. barbarous speech, shouting, confused noise ○ 2. din, uproar, the confused yelling and bellowing of beasts ○ 3. Pop. by ext., as a coll. noun, any body of Orcs ◇ Ety/358, Ety/377, WJ/390, WJ/416

glamhoth S., N. [glˈɑm.hɔθ] n. class pl. of glam, Pop. barbaric host of Orcs ◇ Ety/358, Ety/364, Ety/377, UT/39, UT/54, WJ/390

glamog S. [glˈɑmɔg] n. sing. of glam, Pop. an Orc, "a yelling one" ◇ WJ/390

glinnel S. [glˈinnɛl̡] pl. glinnil S. [glˈinnil̡] n. Pop. Elf, one of the Teleri ◇ WJ/378, WJ/385

gódhel S. [gˈɔːðɛl̡] pl. gódhil S. [ˈgɔːðil̡] n. Pop. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk ◇ WJ/364, WJ/379

gódhellim S. [gɔːðˈɛl̡lim] n. class pl. of gódhel, Pop. "Deep Elves" or "Gnomes", the Wise Folk ◇ WJ/364

golodh S., N. [gˈɔlɔð] pl. gelydh S. [gˈɛlyð] (gœlydh S., gœlœidh N., geleidh N.) n. Pop. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk ◇ Ety/377, S/431, WJ/364

golodhrim S., N. [gɔlˈɔðrim] n. class pl. of golodh, Pop. Deep Elves, Gnomes ◇ Ety/377, WJ/323

gwathuirim S. [gwɑθˈujrim] n. class pl. of gwathui, Pop. The Dunlendings or People of Dunland ◇ PM/330

hadhod S. [hˈɑðɔd] n. Pop. Dwarf ◇ WJ/388, WJ/414

hadhodrim S. [hɑðˈɔdrim] n. class pl. of hadhod, Pop. the Dwarves (as a race) ◇ WJ/388

haradrim S. [hɑrˈɑdrim] n. class pl. of harad, Pop. southerners, "Southrons" ◇ LotR

iathrim S. [jˈɑθrim] n. class pl. of iâth, Pop. Elves of Doriath ◇ WJ/378

lachenn *S. [lˈɑxɛnn] (lachend S.) pl. lechinn *S. [lˈɛxinn] (lechind S.) n. Pop. Deep Elf (Sindarin name for the Ñoldor) ◇ WJ/384, X/ND4

laegel S. [lˈɑɛgɛl̡] pl. laegil S. [lˈɑɛgil̡] n. Pop. a Green Elf ◇ WJ/385

laegrim S. [lˈɑɛgrim] (laegeldrim S.) n. class pl. of laegel, Pop. the people of the Green Elves ◇ WJ/385

miniel S. [mˈini.ɛl̡] pl. mínil S. [mˈiːnil̡] n. Pop. an Elf, one of the Vanyar ◇ WJ/383

morben S. [mˈɔrbɛn] pl. morbin S. [mˈɔrbin] (mœrbin S.) n. Pop. one of the Avari or Easterlings in Beleriand ◇ WJ/376-377

mornedhel S. [mˈɔrnɛðɛl̡] n. Pop. Dark-Elf ◇ WJ/377, WJ/380

naug S., N. [nˈɑug] pl. noeg S. [nˈɔɛg] n. and adj. 1. stunted, dwarf ○ 2. Pop. as a noun, a Dwarf ◇ Ety/375, WJ/388, UT/100, UT/148

naugrim S. [nˈɑugrim] n. class pl. of naug, Pop. Dwarves ◇ WJ/388

nawag N. [nˈɑwɑg] pl. neweg N. (neweig N.) n. Pop. Dwarf ◇ Ety/375

nogoth S. [nˈɔgɔθ] pl. negyth S. [nˈɛgyθ] (nœgyth S.) n. Pop. Dwarf, lit. "the Stunted Folk" ◇ S/435, WJ/338, WJ/388, WJ/408, WJ/413

nogotheg S. [nˈɔgɔθɛg] n. dim. of nogoth, Pop. lit. "dwarflet", a name of the Petty-Dwarves ◇ WJ/388

nogothrim S. [nɔgˈɔθrim] n. class pl. of nogoth, Pop. Dwarf-folk ◇ RGEO/75, UT/318, WJ/388

nornwaith S. [nˈɔrn.wɑjθ] n. class pl. of norn, Pop. the Dwarves ◇ MR/93, MR/106

ódhel S. [ˈɔːðɛl̡] pl. ódhil S. [ˈɔːðil̡] n. Pop. Deep Elf or Gnome, one of the Wise Folk ◇ WJ/364, WJ/366, WJ/378-379

ódhellim S. [ɔːðˈɛl̡lim] n. class pl. of ódhel, Pop. Deep Elves or Gnomes, the Wise Folk ◇ WJ/364

onod S. [ˈɔnɔd] pl. enyd S. [ˈɛnyd] n. Pop. Ent ◇ LotR/F, Letters/224

onodrim S. [ɔnˈɔdrim] n. class pl. of onod, Pop. the Ents, as a race ◇ Letters/224, TC/165

orch S., N. [ˈɔrx] pl. yrch S., N. [ˈyrx] (eirch N., erch N.) n. Pop. Goblin, Orc ◇ Ety/379, LR/406, WJ/390, LotR/II:VI, LotR/F, Letters/178

orchoth S. [ˈɔrxɔθ] n. class pl. of orch, Pop. the Orcs (as a race) ◇ WJ/390

perian S. [pˈɛri.ɑn] pl. periain S. [pˈɛri.ɑjn] n. Pop. Hobbit, Halfling ◇ LotR/VI:IV, LotR/E, RGEO/75, Letters/308, X/ND4

periannath S. [pˌɛri.ˈɑnnɑθ] n. coll. of perian, Pop. the Hobbits, Halflings ◇ LotR/VI:IV, LotR/E-F, RGEO/75, Letters/308

tawarwaith S. [tɑwˈɑrwɑjθ] n. class pl. of tawar, Pop. Silvan elves ◇ UT/256

teler S. [tˈɛlɛr] pl. telir S. [tˈɛlir] n. Pop. an Elf, one of the Teleri ◇ PM/385

telerrim S. [tɛlˈɛrrim] n. class pl. of teler, Pop. the Teleri, a tribe of Elves ◇ PM/385

torog S. [tˈɔrɔg] n. Pop. Troll ◇ LotR/F

Theology

balan S., N. [bˈɑlɑn] pl. belain S. [bˈɛlɑjn] (belein N., belen N.) n. Theo. Vala, divine power, divinity ◇ Ety/350, S/439, Letters/427, X/EI

*galadhad S. [gˈɑlɑðɑd] n. dual pl. of galadh, Theo. the Two Trees of Valinor ← Orgaladhad LotR/D

glaur N. [glˈɑur] (glor- N.) n. Theo. golden light (of the golden tree Laurelin) ◇ Ety/358, Ety/368

glawar N. [glˈɑwɑr] n. Theo. sunlight, radiance (of the golden tree Laurelin) ◇ Ety/368, VT/45:15

golovir N. [gˈɔlɔvir] (golodhvir N.) n. Theo. Silmaril ◇ Ety/373Cf. silevril, mirion

mirion N. [mˈiri.ɔn] pl. miruin N. [mˈirujn] n. augm. of mîr, Theo. great jewel, Silmaril ◇ Ety/373Cf. golovir, silevril

*rodon S. [rˈɔdɔn] pl. rodyn S. [rˈɔdyn] n. Theo. Vala, divinity ◇ LotR/D

silevril N. [silɛvril̡] n. Theo. Silmaril ◇ Ety/373Cf. golovir, mirion

ui N. [ˈuj] n. Theo. envelope (especially of the Outer Sea or Air enfolding the world within the Ilurambar or world-walls) ◇ Ety/397

Zoology

annabon N. [ˈɑnnɑbɔn] (andabon N.) n. Zool. elephant ◇ Ety/372, X/ND2

aras S. [ˈɑrɑs] n. Zool. deer ◇ WJ/156-157

brôg N. [brˈɔːg] n. Zool. bear ◇ Ety/374

cabor N. [kˈɑbr̩] (cabr N.) n. Zool. frog ◇ Ety/362

draug S., N. [drˈɑug] n. Zool. wolf ◇ Ety/354, S/430

garaf N. [gˈɑrɑv] n. Zool. wolf ◇ Ety/377

graw S. [grˈɑw] n. Zool. bear ◇ VT/47:12

gwilwileth N. [gwˈil̡wilɛθ] n. Zool. butterfly ◇ Ety/398

hâl N. [hˈɑːl] n. Zool. fish ◇ VT/45:20Cf. lim III

N. [hˈuː] n. Zool. dog ◇ Ety/364

lavan S. [lˈɑvɑn] pl. levain S. [lˈɛvɑjn] n. Zool. animal (usually applied to four-footed beasts, and never to reptiles or birds) ◇ WJ/388, WJ/416

lhûg S., N. [ɬˈuːg] n. Zool. snake, serpent ◇ Ety/370, S/434

lim III *S. [lˈim] (lhim N., lhimb N.) n. Zool. fish ◇ Ety/369, X/LHCf. hâl

lobor N. [lˈɔbr̩] n. Zool. horse ◇ VT/45:28Cf. roch

lŷg (corr. lyg) S. [lˈyːg] n. Zool. snake ◇ LotR/E

medli *S. [mˈɛdli] (megli N.) n. Zool. bear ◇ Ety/369, Ety/371, X/DL

mund S. [mˈund] n. Zool. bull ◇ Letters/422-423

raw II *S. [rˈɑw] (rhaw N.) pl. roe *S. [rˈɔɛ] (rhui N.) n. Zool. lion ◇ Ety/383, X/RH

roch S., N. [rˈɔx] n. Zool. horse, swift horse for riding ◇ Ety/384, S/436, Letters/178, Letters/282, Letters/382

rusc S. [rˈusk] n. Zool. fox ◇ VT/41:10

rŷn *S. [rˈyːn] (rhŷn N.) n. Zool. "chaser", hound of chase ◇ Ety/384, X/RH

*tad-dal S. [tˈɑd.dɑl] pl. tad-dail S. [tˈɑd.dɑjl] n. and adj. Zool. biped, two-legged animal ◇ WJ/388

ungol S., N. [ˈuŋgl̩] n. Zool. spider ◇ Ety/366, WR/202, LotR, RC/490

Numbers

cae II S. [kˈɑɛ] (caen- S.) adj. num. card. ten ◇ PE/17:95Cf. caer, pae

*caenen S. [kˈɑɛnɛn] adj. num. ord. tenth ← nelchaenen SD/129-131Cf. paenui, caenui

caenui S. [kˈɑɛnuj] adj. num. ord. tenth ◇ VT/42:10Cf. paenui, caenen

caer N. [kˈɑɛr] adj. num. card. ten ◇ Ety/363Cf. cae II, pae

canad S., N. [kˈɑnɑd] (canath N.) adj. num. card. four ◇ Ety/362, VT/42:24,25, VT/48:6, VT/46:3

canthui S. [kˈɑnθuj] (Arch. cantui S., Arch. canhui S.) adj. num. ord. fourth ◇ VT/42:10, VT/42:25,27

edaid S. [ˈɛdɑjd] adj. num. quant. double ◇ VT/42:26-27

edwen S. [ˈɛdwɛn] adj. num. ord. second ◇ SD/129-31

enchui S. [ˈɛnxuj] (enegui S., Arch. encui S.) adj. num. ord. sixth ◇ VT/42:10,25,28

enecthui S. [ɛnˈɛkθuj] adj. num. ord. sixth ◇ VT/42:25Cf. enchui

eneg S., N. [ˈɛnɛg] adj. num. card. six ◇ Ety/356, VT/42:25,31, VT/48:6,8

imp S. [ˈimp] adj. num. card. twelve ◇ PE/17:95Cf. ýneg

leben S. [lˈɛbɛn] (lheben N.) adj. num. card. five ◇ Ety/368, TAI/150, VT/42:24-25, VT/47:10, VT/47:24, VT/48:6, X/LH

lefnui S. [lˈɛvnuj] (lhefneg N.) adj. num. ord. fifth ◇ WR/436, VT/42:25, TI/312

main S. [m'ɑjn] (mein S.) adj. num. ord. first, (only in the sense of) prime, chief, pre-eminent ◇ VT/42:10, VT/42:25

*meneg S. [mˈɛnɛg] adj. num. card. thousand ← Menegroth "thousand caves" S/409

mimp S. [mˈimp] adj. num. card. eleven ◇ PE/17:95Cf. minib

mîn S. [mˈiːn] (min S., N. [mˈin]) adj. num. card. one (first of a series) ◇ Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6

minib S. [mˈinib] adj. num. card. eleven ◇ VT/48:6-8

minui S. [mˈinuj] adj. num. ord. first ◇ VT/42:10, VT/42:25

nail S. [nˈɑjl] (neil S.) adj. num. ord. third ◇ VT/42:25

neder S., N. [nˈɛdɛr] adj. num. card. nine ◇ Ety/376, VT/42:25, VT/48:6, PE/17:95

nedrui S. [nˈɛdruj] adj. num. ord. ninth ◇ VT/42:25

nêl II S. [nˈɛːl] adj. num. card. three ◇ VT/42:25Cf. neled

nelchaenen S. [nɛl̡xˈɑɛnɛn] adj. num. ord. thirtieth ◇ SD/129-131

neled S., N. [nˈɛlɛd] (neledh S., N.) adj. num. card. three ◇ Ety/376, TAI150, VT/48:6

neleg II S. [nˈɛlɛg] adj. num. ord. third ◇ VT/42:10Cf. nail, nelui

nelui S. [nˈɛluj] adj. num. ord. third ◇ VT/42:25

nerthui S. [nˈɛrθuj] adj. num. ord. ninth ◇ VT/42:10Cf. nedrui

ochui S. [ˈɔxuj] adj. num. ord. seventh ◇ VT/47:42

odog S., N. [ˈɔdɔg] (odo S.) adj. num. card. seven ◇ Ety/379, VT/42:25, VT/47:42, VT/48:6, PE/17:95

odothui S. [ˈɔdɔθuj] adj. num. ord. seventh ◇ TI/312, WR/436, VT/42:25Cf. othui

othui S. [ˈɔθuj] adj. num. ord. seventh ◇ VT/42:10,25

pae S. [pˈɑɛ] adj. num. card. ten ◇ VT/42:25, VT/48:6Cf. cae II, caer

paenui S. [pˈɑɛnuj] adj. num. ord. tenth ◇ VT/42:25

tâd S., N. [tˈɑːd] (tad S., N.) adj. num. card. two ◇ Ety/349, Ety/391, WJ/388, VT/42:25-27, VT/48:6

tadeg S. [tˈɑdɛg] adj. num. ord. second ◇ VT/42:10Cf. tadui, edwen

tadol N. [tˈɑdɔl] adj. num. quant. double ◇ Ety/391

tadui S. [tˈɑduj] adj. num. ord. second ◇ VT/42:25

tollui S. [tˈɔɬuj] (Arch. tolhui S., Arch. tolthui S.) adj. num. ord. eighth ◇ VT/42:25, VT/42:27, VT/47:32, VT/42:10, Tengwestie/20031207Cf. tolothen

toloth N. [tˈɔlɔθ] (tolodh S.) adj. num. card. eight ◇ Ety/394, VT/42:25, VT/42:31, VT/48:6Tolkien emended toloth to tolodh, cf. VT/42:31 (and also VT/48:6). If we are to follow him, a word such as tolothen would be incorrect, unless the two forms coexisted

tolothen S. [tˈɔlɔθɛn] adj. num. ord. eighth ← erin dolothen SD/129-31Cf. tollui

ýneg S. [ˈyːnɛg] (yneg S., yneb S., inib S.) adj. num. card. twelve ◇ VT/47:41, VT/48:6,8,12